is Natural Gas?
- Natural Gas is a colorless, odorless, non-toxic
mixture of gases such as methane, ethane,
propane, and butane. Natural Gas, like all fossil
fuels, started out as decomposing animal and
plant matter. Over millions of years, layer after
layer of sediment covered this organic material.
Eventually, the intense heat and pressure
transformed this organic material into methane
gas, which is the major component of Natural Gas.
Although usually found with petroleum, Natural
Gas also occurs apart from it in sand, sandstone,
and limestone deposits. Natural gas is produced by
drilling into the Earth's crust where pockets of
natural gas were trapped hundreds of thousands of
years ago. Once the gas is brought to the
surface, it is refined to remove impurities, like
water, other gasses, and sand. Then it is
transmitted through large pipelines that span the
continent. Distributors add an odorant to the gas
as a safety measure, so that people will be able
to tell if there is a gas leak or if they forget
to turn off an appliance.
Natural gas began to be
used as an illuminant and a fuel on a large scale
in the late 19th cent. when pipelines were
built to provide it to large industrial cities.
In industry, natural gas is used to manufacture
pulp and paper, metals, chemicals, stone, clay,
glass, and to process certain foods. Gas is also
used to treat waste materials, for incineration,
drying, dehumidification, heating and cooling,
and cogeneration. The Clean Air Act Amendments
have made natural gas an even more popular energy
choice for industry. Natural gas is also used for
heating, cooling, production of electricity, and
has been used on a small scale in recent years as
an alternative fuel for automobiles and other
is Natural Gas Important to Lewisburg?
is important to our community for several reasons. For
one thing, many residents of Lewisburg rely heavily on
Natural Gas; the LNGD has 3,554 service lines running to
homes, businesses, and factories- laid end to end, these
would run about 57 miles, or from here to Nashville.
Also, Natural Gas is used extensively by many local
industrial plants, including Tuscarora, International
Comfort Products (formerly Heil-Quaker), Kantus, Walker
Die-Casting, Hyperion, and Sanford. Without Natural Gas,
most production in these plants would grind to a halt,
which would, in turn, leave a significant portion of
Marshall County unemployed. So, it's easy to see how
Natural Gas is important to Lewisburg.
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History|About Natural Gas|Important Information|Gas Department Personnel
- Last Updated 09-30-2011